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Although some of the images on this website have Public Domain CCO licences, others have Creative Commons licences or are under copyright so require attribution.

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MiniMag Sample Hominin being chased by vulture CC.jpg

Female hominin looking backwards
Image adapted from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/vsmithuk/3145557065

Attribution: Vince Smith on Flickr
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Woolly Mammoth

Image adapted from:

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AWoolly_mammoth.jpg

Attribution/Licence: By Flying Puffin (Mammut  Uploaded by FunkMonk) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Woolly mammoth CC WI tnail smaller.jpg
Megafaunal Extinctions The Verdict Giant

Giant Irish deer braying
Image from:
https://www.deviantart.com/renum63/art/Megaloceros-2-677592067
Attribution/Copyright: Renum63 on DeviantArt

Meganeura
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Meganeura_monyi_-_MUSE.jpg
Attribution/Licence: MUSE [CC BY-SA 3.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

About Animals Meganeura white background CC WI tnail smaller 500px.jpg

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Megafaunal Extinctions The Verdict Giant

Giant Irish deer braying
Image from:
https://www.deviantart.com/renum63/art/Megaloceros-2-677592067
Attribution/Copyright: Renum63 on DeviantArt

Sahelanthropus skull
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sahelanthropus_tchadensis_-_TM_266-01-060-1.jpg

Attribution/Licence: By Didier Descouens [CC BY-SA 4.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

About Gallery Human Evolution Sahelanthr
Website Lava Geology.JPG

Lava erupting (Geology)
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fissure_eruption_in_Holurhraun_(Iceland),_13._September_2014.JPG

Attribution/Licence: Joschenbacher, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Eastern Passage, Knowth, Co. Meath (Archaeology)
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Knowth.jpg

Attribution/Licence: Przemysław Sakrajda / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)

Conservation Knowth passage CC WI tnail smaller.jpg
Building Ireland Ireland map NASA CC WI tnail smaller 300px.jpg

Ireland map
Image adapted from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/irisheyes/6899940

Attribution: Underway In Ireland on Flickr (Ireland as seen by NASA Earth Observatory/Ireland as shot by NASA via Jim Corbett.)
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/

Giant’s Causeway
Image from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/giuseppemilo/15578739333
Attribution: Giuseppe Milo on flickr
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Giant's Causeway flickr CC WI tnail smal
Website Update BOOK Highlights Freckles woman green background CC WI tnail smaller 300px.j

Woman with red hair & freckles
Image from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/ar93photos/28965010235

Attribution: Jose Angel Sanchez Reyes
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/

Geometric spiral near Kells, Co. Meath
Image adapted from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/youngshanahan/10644977574

Attribution: young shanahan on Flickr.
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Website Update BOOK Culture Highlight Box Celtic Spiral near Kells CC 300px.jpg
About the Book Irish Culture Language st

Geographical distribution map of Indo-European languages

Image from:

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Indo-European_branches_map.png

Attribution/Licence: Hayden120 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)]

Stegotetrabelodon
Image adapted from:
https://www.shutterstock.com/image-illustration/herd-stegotetrabelodons-foraging-on-stegotetrabelodon-extinct-1866232606

Attribution/Copyright: Daniel Eskridge/Shutterstock.

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About Worldwide Jamaican man CC cropped

Jamaican man
Image adapted from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/camshafter/5463297602
Attribution: Trevor Cameron on Flickr
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Brazilian indigenous woman
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Indians_of_northeastern_of_Brazil_(2).jpg
Attribution/Licence: Uploaded by User:Tetraktys [CC BY 3.0 br (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/br/deed.en)]

About Worldwide Brazilian indigenous wom
About Worldwide Maasai woman 2 CC croppe

Maasai woman
Image adapted from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/wwarby/2405397376
Attribution: William Warby on Flickr
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Polar bear walking across parched landscape
Image adapted from:
https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/polar-bear-walking-on-arid-land-1469895371

Attribution/Copyright: Thongden Studio/Shutterstock.

Website BOOK An Important Story Polar Bear walking across parched land Shutterstock WI tna

The Story So Far: Land

Website BOOK Land Gallery Colliding Neutron Stars CC WI tnail smaller 300px.jpg

Colliding neutron stars
Image from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/127744844@N06/37083916415

Attribution: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Archaean Earth landscape
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Archean.png

Attribution/Licence: Tim Bertelink, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Website BOOK Land Gallery Archaean landscape CC WI tnail smaller 300px.jpg
Website BOOK Land Gallery Snowball Earth CC WI tnail smaller 300px.jpg

Snowball Earth
Image from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Snowball_Huronian.jpg

Attribution/Licence: Oleg Kuznetsov - 3depix -  http://3depix.com/, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

The Burren landscape
Image from:
https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/scenic-rocky-landscape-burren-national-park-1824821783

Attribution/Copyright: gabriel12/Shutterstock.

Website BOOK Land Gallery The Burren landscape Shutterstock WI tnail smaller 300px.jpg
Mammal Names Largest Animals Ever Part I

Pangaea map with Ireland location
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pangaea_continents.png
Attribution: en:User: Kieff
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en

Giant’s Causeway
Image from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/giuseppemilo/15578739333
Attribution: Giuseppe Milo on flickr
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Giant's Causeway flickr CC WI tnail smal
LGM globe adapted CC WI tnail smaller.jp

Last Glacial Maximum globe
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AIceAgeEarth.jpg
Attribution/Licence: By Ittiz (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Pangaea Proxima

Image adapted from:

Attribution/Copyright: Dr Christopher Scotese/PALEOMAP Project. Used with permission.

About Pangaea Proxima copyrighted photos

The Story So Far: Life

Website BOOK Life Gallery Title background deer in meadow Adobe Stock WI tnail smaller 300

Anomalocaris & other Cambrian life
Image from:
https://www.shutterstock.com/image-illustration/creatures-cambrian-period-underwater-scene-anomalocaris-1376938808

Attribution/Copyright: Dotted Yeti/Shutterstock.

Website BOOK Life Gallery Anomalocaris and other life of the Cambrian Shutterstock WI tnai

Pliosaur Liopleurodon
Image from:
https://www.shutterstock.com/image-illustration/liopleurodon-pliosaur-apex-predator-jurassic-seas-1371105950

Attribution/Licence: Daniel Eskridge/Shutterstock.

Website BOOK Life Gallery Pliosaur Liopleurodon Shutterstock WI tnail smaller 300px.jpg
Website BOOK Life Gallery Archaeopteryx Shutterstock WI tnail smaller 300px.jpg

Archaeopteryx
Image from:
https://www.shutterstock.com/image-illustration/archaeopteryx-birdlike-dinosaur-late-jurassic-period-1708761538

Attribution/Copyright: Dotted Yeti/Shutterstock.

Ice Age Woolly Mammoth model facing came

Woolly mammoth
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mammoth_4.jpg
Attribution/Licence: By Tiia Monto [CC BY-SA 4.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

The Story So Far: People

Plesiadapis 

Image adapted from: 

https://www.flickr.com/photos/132574141@N04/31270984020 

Attribution/Copyright: Elena Regina on Flickr. Used with permission. 

Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/

Source references: F.E. Zachos & R.J. Asher 2018: Mammalian evolution. 

M. Dannemann & J. Kelso 2017: Contribution of Neanderthals to phenotypic variation in modern humans. 

A.A. Macintosh & al. 2017: Prehistoric women’s manual labor. 

R. Bohlender & al. 2016: PgmNr73. 

F. Racimo & al. 2016: AAI in present-day human populations. 

S. H.-Houzel & al. 2014: Brain scaling in mammalian evolution. 

X. Ni & al. 2013: †Archicebus and Haplorhini evolution. 

J.F. Hughes 2012: †Plesiadapis tricuspidens (original image). 

J.S. Friedlænder & al. 2008: Genetics of Pacific islanders. 

S.G. Lucas & Z. Luo 1993: †Adelobasileus cromptoni

T. Rowe 1988: Mammalia definition, diagnosis and origin.

About Chapters Plesiadapis CC WI tnail s
Mar 2021 Book Preview Tamarin CC WI tnail smaller 300px.jpg

Lion-headed tamarin 

Image adapted from: 

https://www.flickr.com/photos/pokerbrit/10181054304

Attribution: Steve Wilson on Flickr 

Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ 

Proconsul africanus 

Image adapted from: 

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Proconsul_africanus.jpg

Attribution/Licence: Mauricio Antón, published with Alan Turner, CC BY 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Website Update BOOK People Gallery Proconsul africanus CC WI tnail smaller 256px.jpg
About the Book Homo erectus skull black

Homo erectus skull
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Broken_Hill_Skull_(Replica01).jpg
Attribution/Licence: Gerbil [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)]

Paranthropus boisei
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Paranthropus_boisei_-_forensic_facial_reconstruction.png
Attribution/Licence: Drawing made by Cicero Moraes and 3D scanning of the skull by Dr. Moacir Elias Santos. / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)

Apr 30 Paranthropus boisei CC WI tnail s
Website BOOK People Gallery Ancient human walking out of cave Shutterstock WI tnail smalle

Ancient human leaving cave 

Image from: 

https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/primeval-caveman-animal-skin-fur-holds-1595983300

Attribution/Copyright: Gorodenkoff/Shutterstock.

Kilclooney More portal tomb, Co. Donegal
Image from:
https://stock.adobe.com/uk/images/sunset-flare-passing-through-kilclooney-more-dolmen/306188528?prev_url=detail
Attribution/Copyright: Yggdrasill/Adobe Stock.

Website BOOK People Gallery Neolithic Dolmen Shutterstock WI tnail smaller 300px.jpg
Website BOOK People Gallery Medieval monk praying with rosary beads Shutterstock WI tnail

Medieval monk
Image from:
https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/medieval-monk-prays-rosary-1929885674

Attribution/Copyright: Thomas Mucha/Shutterstock.

Viking warrior
Image from:
https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/medieval-scandinavian-warrior-viking-full-outfit-641585884

Attribution/Copyright: Fotokvadrat/Shutterstock.

Website BOOK People Gallery Viking Shutterstock WI tnail smaller 300px.jpg

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Banner An Grianan of Aileach sunny CC WI tnail smaller 500px.jpg

An Grianán of Aileach sunny
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Grainan_of_Aileach_Ring_Fort_-_Donegal_-_Ireland.jpg
Attribution/Licence: By Gareth Wray [CC BY-SA 4.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Giant’s Causeway
Image from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/giuseppemilo/15578739333
Attribution: Giuseppe Milo on flickr
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Giant's Causeway flickr CC WI tnail smal
Ice Age Polar Bear swimming underwater C

Polar bear swimming underwater
Image from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polar_bear_swimming_in_zoo.jpg
Attribution/Licence: By John [CC BY 2.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Neanderthal
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Homo_sapiens_neanderthalensis-Mr._N.jpg
Attribution/Licence: Neanderthal-Museum, Mettmann, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Human Evolution Ancient Love Neanderthal CC The Neanderthal Museum.jpg

Blog Category & Individual Blog thumbnails

All attribution info for thumbnail images for Blog Categories and each individual blog on this page can be found on the relevant Blog Images page.

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Website CONTRIBUTE Neanderthal face Shutterstock WI tnail smaller 300px.jpg

Neanderthal with fur close-up
Image adapted from:
https://stock.adobe.com/uk/images/expression/50553807?prev_url=detail
Attribution/Licence: procy_ab/Adobe Stock

contact

Banner Ben Bulben New CC WI tnail smalle

Ben Bulben, Co. Sligo
Image adapted from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/andrewparnell/532965492
Attribution: Andrew Parnell on Flickr
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

About Ireland landscape mountains PD_edi

Protect our past

Banner Poulnabrone dolmen The Burren CC WI tnail smaller.jpg

Poulnabrone dolmen sunset
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sunset_@_The_Poulnabrone_Dolmen.2,_By_Frank_Chandler_(16)wob.jpg

Attribution/Licence: By Frank Chandler [CC BY-SA 4.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Eastern Passage, Knowth, Co. Meath
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Knowth.jpg

Attribution/Licence: Przemysław Sakrajda / CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)

Conservation Knowth passage CC WI tnail

website images

Website BOOK Life Gallery Pliosaur Liopleurodon Shutterstock WI tnail smaller 300px.jpg

Pliosaur Liopleurodon
Image from:
https://www.shutterstock.com/image-illustration/liopleurodon-pliosaur-apex-predator-jurassic-seas-1371105950

Attribution/Licence: Daniel Eskridge/Shutterstock.