megafaunal extinctions

Slaying Giants: An Introduction to the Megafaunal Extinctions

Woolly mammoth hunting scene
Image from:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hunting_Woolly_Mammoth.jpg
Attribution: Not stated
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/

Human compared to a giant moa and an elephant bird
Image adapted from:

https://bit.ly/2m541b6
Attribution/Licence: By Monnier, Drow male, Ryan Somma, Roger Fenton, [1], Goupil & Cie and Samuel Glendening Payne [CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Archaeoindris life reconstruction
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Archaeoindris_fontoynonti.jpg
Attribution/Licence: By Smokeybjb [CC BY-SA 3.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Archaeoindris skull
Image from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Archaeoindris_fontoynonti_667.JPG
Attribution/Licence: By Ghedoghedo [CC BY-SA 3.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Entering the Dreamtime: The Ancient Giants of Ice Age Australia

Diprotodon optatum model (cover image)
Image adapted from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/goosmurf/10881822383
Attribution: Yun Huang Yong
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Sahul map
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Map_of_Sunda_and_Sahul.png
Attribution/Licence: By Maximilian Dörrbecker (Chumwa) (Self made, using this map for the background) [CC BY-SA 3.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Thylacoleo carnifex reconstruction
Image from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Leon_marsupial,_Thylacoleo_carnifex_3d_restoration.jpg
Attribution/Licence: By Jose manuel canete [CC BY-SA 4.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Varanus priscus illustration
Image from:
https://www.deviantart.com/paleonerd01/art/The-Dragon-in-the-Dust-Varanus-priscus-811861895

Attribution/Copyright: Paleonerd01 on DeviantArt. Reproduced here with his permission.

Quinkana fortirostrum illustration
Image from:
https://www.deviantart.com/sameerprehistorica/art/Quinkana-Size-798384593
Attribution/Copyright: SameerPrehistorica on DeviantArt. Reproduced here with his permission.

A Great Escape? The Limited Loss of Large Species in Africa & Southern Asia

Palaeoloxodon namadicus & Indricothere life reconstruction
Image adapted from:
https://www.deviantart.com/sameerprehistorica/art/Largest-Land-Mammal-Ever-520765132

Attribution/Copyright: SameerPrehistorica on DeviantArt. Reproduced here with his permission.

Indricothere, human, and Palaeoloxodon namadicus size comparison
Image adapted from:

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Largest_land_mammals_size_chart.jpg

Attribution/Licence: By A. Larramendi [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

American Armageddon: The Terrible Wipeout of Great Wonders from the Western Continents

Smilodon fatalis
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Smilodon_fatalis_Sergiodlarosa.jpg
Licence/Attribution: Sergiodlarosa [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], from Wikimedia Commons
GNU Free Documentation License:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:GNU_Free_Documentation_License,_version_1.2

Arctodus simus
Image from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ArctodusSimusReconstruct.jpg
Attribution/Licence: By Dantheman9758 [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

La Brea tar pits scene
Image from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:La_Brea_Tar_Pits.jpg
Attribution/Licence: Charles R. Knight [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Life reconstruction of Cuvieronius
Image from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cuvieronius.jpg
Attribution/Licence: By Sergiodlarosa [CC BY 3.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Life reconstruction of Megatherium americanum
Image adapted from:

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Megatherium_NT_small.jpg
Attribution/Licence: By Nobu Tamura email:nobu.tamura@yahoo.com  http://spinops.blogspot.com/ [CC BY-SA 4.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Coming to America: Human Arrival and the Demise of Massive Mammals in the Americas

Early American encountering mammoths
Image adapted from:
https://www.nps.gov/bela/learn/nature/the-ice-age.htm
Attribution: U.S. National Park Service
Licence: Public Domain

Older, ‘Clovis-first’ model of colonisation of the Americas through an ice-free corridor
Image from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Peopling_of_America_through_Beringia.png
Attribution/Licence: By User:Roblespepe [CC BY-SA 3.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Clovis stone spear points from Rummells-Maske, Iowa, USA
Image from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Clovis_Rummells_Maske.jpg
Attribution/Licence: Billwhittaker at English Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 3.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons

Fantastic Beasts: The Lost Leviathans of Northern Eurasia

European cave lion skull
Image from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Panthera_leo_spelaea_MHNT.PAL.2009.0.1_Montmaurin_Pl%C3%A9istoc%C3%A8ne.jpg
Attribution/Licence: By Didier Descouens [CC BY-SA 4.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

American megafauna
Image adapted from:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rewilding_vision.jpg
Attribution: Sergio De la Rosa
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Palaeoloxodon antiquus reconstruction
Image from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Elephasantiquus.jpg
Attribution/Licence: By Apotea [CC BY-SA 3.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Elasmotherium sibericum reconstruction
Image adapted from:
https://www.deviantart.com/sameerprehistorica/art/Extinct-Park-Elasmotherium-567664825
Attribution/Copyright: SameerPrehistorica on Deviant Art. Reproduced here with his permission.

Aurochs bull reconstruction
Image from:
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Aurochs_reconstruction.jpg
Attribution: Jaap Rouwenhorst
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.es

Cave bear (Ursus spelaeus)
Image from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ursus_spelaeus_Sergiodlarosa.jpg
Attribution/Licence: Sergiodlarosa [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or FAL], from Wikimedia Commons

How the Mighty Fell: The Four Phases in the Megafaunal Extinctions of Northern Eurasia

Palaeolithic Homo sapiens man
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Homo_sapiens_-_Paleolithic_-_reconstruction_-_MUSE.jpg
Attribution/Licence: MUSE [CC BY-SA 3.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Neanderthal man
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Homo_neanderthalensis_-_reconstruction_-_MUSE.jpg

Attribution/Licence: MUSE [CC BY-SA 3.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Neanderthal reconstruction in the Natural History Museum, London
Image from:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/pahudson/13809176994/in/photostream/
Attribution: Paul Hudson
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Wrangel Island location map
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chukchi_Sea_map.png
Attribution: NormanEinstein
Licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en

The Verdict: Did the First Irish Drive the Extinction of the Giant Irish Deer?

Giant Irish deer braying
Image from:
https://www.deviantart.com/renum63/art/Megaloceros-2-677592067
Attribution/Copyright: Renum63 on DeviantArt. Reproduced here with his permission.

Giant Irish deer skeleton black background
Image adapted from:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Megaloceros_(8062085049).jpg
Attribution/Licence: By Gyik Toma  (Tommy the paleobear) from Romania (Megaloceros) [CC BY 2.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Chris Madden cartoon
Image from:
Sent to me directly by Chris Madden.

Attribution/Copyright: Chris Madden. Reproduced here with his permission.

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